For more information, visit http://journals.cambridge.org. Research indicates, for instance, that high transportation costs in Uganda, as a result of poor road and transportation infrastructure, make it difficult for farmers to get their goods to urban markets, resulting in high urban food prices. Others have even argued that the higher labor demands of agroecological farming is beneficial, creating more opportunities for on-farm employment. But it’s not as though most smallholder farmers have an alternative. It publishes over 2,500 books a year for distribution in more than 200 countries. A mere four percent of arable land in sub-Saharan Africa is irrigated, compared to 14 percent in Latin America and 37 percent in Asia. Policies for "getting agriculture moving" 321 5.2. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Agricultural development strategy 321 5.1. Note: This article is a review of another work, such as a book, film, musical composition, etc. In this way, agroecology in its contemporary usage is fundamentally a reaction against agricultural modernization. Indeed, the agroecological framework offers little more than a codification of traditional farming practices. And if farmers can make low-cost changes to improve their yields that are feasible given available labor, I enthusiastically support them. Most modern inputs, including synthetic fertilizer, pesticides, machinery, and biotech crops are to be avoided. AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION and RURAL DEVELOPMENT . Agroecological practices can, of course, be useful in some contexts. Agroecology models itself explicitly on traditional farming methods and promises to shield farmers from disenfranchisement at the hands of large corporations, for fear that countries like Uganda will follow in the footsteps of the United States and other developed nations that are dominated by “Big Ag.” It offers a host of practices that target pests, soil fertility, and irrigation. Cambridge University Press (www.cambridge.org) is the publishing division of the University of Cambridge, one of the world’s leading research institutions and winner of 81 Nobel Prizes. Like the farmers themselves, we should stop fixating on practices and technologies and instead focus on goals and outcomes, both human and environmental. In fact, these methods have been utilized by African farmers for millennia. The term “agroecology” has no universal definition, and its meaning has evolved substantially since it was first used in the 1920s and ’30s by scientists attempting to integrate the new discipline of ecology with agronomy. To chart the right course, we must have an honest conversation in which we hold each other accountable in advocating for solutions that can address the fundamental condition of agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa: poverty. Agroecology, however, is far from simply a technical approach to food production. Unresolved issues 313 5. But agroecology is woefully out of step with the reality of African agriculture. The solution, according to many of my professors and colleagues (first during my master’s studies, and then as an outreach officer at one of the largest public agricultural research stations in Uganda), is agroecology. Traditional Indian agricultural practices and its problems. For the past 50 years, Daisy Namusoke has grown crops on her small plot of land in the Buikwe District of Central Uganda, mostly to feed her husband, five children, and two grandchildren. Transforming agriculture 302 ... 4.2. Livestock Farming Technology. Cambridge Journals publishes over 250 peer-reviewed academic journals across a wide range of subject areas, in print and online. If the “agroecosystem” is healthy, thanks to high biodiversity above and below ground, there will be no need for external inputs, and the environment will be spared. Agricultural transformation has been shaped by three interrelated processes (Divanbeigi, Paustian and Loayza, 2016). This item is part of JSTOR collection The interests of farmers are set in opposition to those of rapacious colonialist agribusinesses, whose encroachment must be defended against. This paper critically examines the economic logic underlying Professor Schultz's concept of Traditional Agriculture and his policy recommendations for transforming the same into a modern efficient agriculture (Theodore W Schultz, "Transforming Traditional Agriculture", Yale University Press, 1964.) It wraps itself in the cloak of anti-colonialism even as the NGOs promoting agroecology are funded primarily by Western, developed-world donors. Since 1948, World Politics (WP) has published articles, research Actually, transforming traditional agriculture presents two distinct problems for analysis and two different sets of problems to solve. However, smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa have grown crops in combination throughout recorded history as a hedge against crop failures and as a means of diversifying food sources.
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